- Act of Congress creates the state of Illinois
- Christiana Holmes Tillson
moves to Montgomery County, Illinois
- Black Hawk War
- Mother Sough arrives in Peoria
- Monticello Seminary, the first Illinois institution for higher education
of women is founded at Godfrey
- Kate Perry moves to Fulton
- Sophia M. Chase moves to Illinois
- Mahala Blounts Mills moves
to Fulton County, Illinois
- Emma Hale Smith forms the
Female Relief Society in the Mormon settlement at Nauvoo
- Illinois women form first anti-slavery society
- Jacksonville Female Academy (established in 1830) receives a charter
- Mexican War
- Illinois Female College in Jacksonville is granted a charter
- Illinois Central Railroad Company issued a charter
- First State Fair held in Springfield
- Sarah M. Hayden's first novel is published
- Amateur des Belles Lettres Literary
Society founded at Monmouth College
- Illinois State Board of Education formed
- Illinois State Normal School established
- Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States
- Civil War begins
- Jennie Hodger (A.K.A. Albert Cashier) enlists as a man in Company
G, 95th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and fights in 40 battles over the
next 3 years.
- Mary Ann Ball "Mother" Bickerdyke is the sole women nursing
wounded Union soldiers at the battle of Lookout Mountain in Tennessee
- Civil War ends
- Abraham Lincoln assassinated
- National Woman Suffrage Association founded by Susan B. Anthony and
Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
- Myra Bradwell's application to the Illinois Bar is refused; Bradwell
v. Illinois was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, where Bradwell
- Illinois Wesleyan University admits first female students
- Great Chicago Fire
- Ten Illinois women are elected County Superintendents of Schools.
This election followed an 1873 statute recognizing women's eligibility
to hold school office.
- Sarah Raymond becomes superintendent of Bloomington school district
- Louisa McCall becomes Director
of First National Bank of Canton, Illinois
- Aurora is first city in the world to light streets with electricity
- Mahala Phelps becomes
the first librarian of Macomb Public Library.
- Haymarket Riot at Chicago
- Myra H. Bradwell is finally admitted to the Illinois bar.
- Ellen Annette Martin uses a loophole in the 1869 Lombard town charter
to be the first woman to vote in the state of Illinois.
- Ida B. Wells-Barnett
publishes A Red Record presenting detailed information about
lynching in the American South.
- Elizabeth Miner graduates
from Medical College
- Death of Frances E. Willard, eminent lecturer and social reformer;
Willard was the first dean of women at Northwestern University
- Spanish-American War
- Amanda Berry Smith opens Illinois' first orphanage for African American children in Harvey, Illinois.
- Justinia Carter Ford graduates from Hering Medical College, Chicago.
- Annie Turnbo Malone
moves Poro College to Chicago
- Mary Curtis Wheeler named
to board of directors of the State Association of Graduate Nurses
- Harriet Vittum begins work
at the Northwestern Settlement House
- Caroline Grote named Dean
of Women, Western Illinois State Teachers College
- Illinois Women's Suffrage Act passes making Illinois the first state
east of the Mississippi River to allow women the right to vote in Presidential
- Josie Westfall's election to
City Judge is overturned by Illinois State Supreme Court
- World War I begins
- Influenza Epidemic